The Program and its faculty sustain ties with numerous organizations and operating structures within and outside the University. Such relationships are essential to our ongoing mission; they allow the development of a scientific agenda that would not be possible without such connections, and they provide a set of clinical connections that enhance training activity and allow treatment evaluation studies to recruit patients as subjects. Foremost among these are: (a) UMATS, the Program's clinical arm; (b) and the Ann Arbor Veterans Affairs Medical Center. A number of faculty hold appointments with both institutions (Barry, Blow, Ilgen). The VAMC operates an outpatient substance abuse program; and VAMC patients participate as subjects in Program research studies. In addition, Dr. Frederic Blow is Director of the VA's Serious Mental Illness Treatment Research and Evaluation Center (SMITREC). In addition to these relationships, the Program has ongoing research and/or clinical collaborations/projects with a large number of Departments and Centers at University of Michigan. These relationships establish connections with entities both within the Medical School/UMHS as well as outside of it, involve long-standing collaborations with Michigan State University; the University of Arkansas Medical Center; the Oregon Health & Science University, and the University of Idaho.